Highlights of Union Budget 2012-13

16 Mar

Highlights of Union Budget 2012-13





  • Budget identifies five objectives relating to  growth recovery, private investment, supply bottlenecks, malnutrition and governance matters
  • GDP growth to be 7.6 per cent (+ 0.25 percent) during 2012-13
  • Amendment to the FRBM Act proposed  as part of Finance Bill.  New concepts of “Effective Revenue Deficit” and “Medium Term Expenditure Framework” introduced
  • Central subsidies to be kept under 2 per cent of GDP; to be further brought down to 1.75 per cent of GDP over the next 3 years.
  • Proposed: Mobile based fertilizer management system; LPG transparency portal; scaling up and rolling out of Aadhar enabled payment for government schemes in at least 50 districts.
  •  Rs. 30,000 crore to be raised through disinvestment
  • Efforts to reach broadbased consensus on FDI in multi-brand retail
  • Rajiv Gandhi Equity Saving Scheme: to allow income tax deduction to retail investors on  investing in equities
  •  Rs. 15,888 crore to be provided for capitalization of public sector banks and financial  institutions
  • A central  “Know Your Customer” depository to be developed
  • Swabhimaan: remaining habitations to be covered; to be extended to more habitations; ultra small branches to be set up in Swabhimaan habitations
  • Investment in 12th Plan in infrastructure to go uptoRs. 50,00,000 crore; half of this is expected from private sector
  • Tax Free Bonds of Rs. 60,000 crore to be allowed for financial infrastructure projects
  • Allocation of Road Transport and Highways Ministry enhanced by 14 per cent to Rs. 25,360 crore
  • Financial package of Rs. 3,884 crore for waiver of loans to handloom weavers and their cooperative societies; mega handloom clusters in Andhra, Jharkhand; weaver service centres in Mizoram, Nagaland and Jharkhand ; powerloom mega cluster in Maharashtra; Rs. 500 crore pilot schemes for geo-textiles in North-Eastern region
  •  Rs. 5,000 crore India Opportunities Venture Fund to help small enterprises
  • Allocation to agriculture enhanced; RKVY gets Rs. 9,217 crore; BGREI gets Rs. 1,000 crore; Rs. 2242 crore project to improve dairy productivity; Rs. 500 crore for coastal aquaculture
  • Various other agricultural activities merged into 5 missions
  • Target for agricultural credit raised to Rs. 5,75,000 crore
  • Interest subvention for short-term crop loans to farmers at 7 per cent interest continues; additional 3 per cent for prompt paying farmers
  •  Rs. 200 crore for awards to incentivise agricultural research
  • Provisions under rural housing fund increased to Rs. 4,000 crore from Rs. 3,000 crore
  • Interest subvention of 1 percent on housing loans uptoRs. 15 lakh extended for one more year
  • AIBP allocation raised by 13 per cent to Rs. 14,242 crore
  • National Mission on Food Processing to be started in cooperation with State Governments
  • Scheduled Caste Sub Plan allocation increases by 18 per cent to Rs. 37,113 crore; Tribal Sub Plan by 17.6 per cent to Rs. 21,710 crore
  • Multi-sectoralprogramme to address maternal and child malnutrition in 200 high burden districts
  • 58 per cent rise in allocation to ICDS, at Rs. 15,850 crore
  • Rural drinking water and sanitation gets 27 per cent rise in allocation to Rs. 14,000 crore; PMGSY gets 20 per cent rise to Rs. 24,000 crore
  • Projects covering length of 8800 km to be awarded under NHDP against 7,300 km during 2011-12
  • RTE-SSA gets Rs. 25,555 crore allocation, showing an increase of 21 per cent; 6000 schools to be set up at block level as model schools in the 12th Plan; Credit Guarantee Fund to be set up for better flow of credit to students
  • National Urban Health Mission is being launched
  • 34 per cent increase in allocation to National Rural Livelihood Mission, to Rs. 3915 crore
  •  Rs. 1000 crore allocated for National Skill Development Fund
  • Bharat Livelihood Foundation to be established to support livelihood interventions particularly in  tribal areas
  • Widow pension and disability pension raised from Rs. 200 to Rs. 300 per month
  • Grant on death of primary breadwinner of a BPL family in the age group 18-64 years doubled toRs. 20,000
  • Defence services get Rs. 193407 crore; any further requirement to be met
  • 4000 residential quarters to be constructed for Central Armed Police Forces
  • UID-Aadhar to get adequate funds for enrolment of 40 crore persons, in addition to the 20 crore persons already enrolled
  • White Paper on Black Money to be laid in the current session of Parliament
  • Tax proposals mark progress in the direction of movement towards DTC and GST
  • Income tax exemption limit raised from Rs. 1,80,000 to Rs. 2,00,000; upper limit of 20 per cent tax slab raised from Rs. 8 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh
  • Interest from savings bank accounts deductible upto Rs. 10,000; deduction of upto Rs.5,000 for preventive health check-up
  • Senior citizens without business income exempt from advance tax
  • Investment linked deduction of capital expenditure enhanced for certain businesses; new sectors eligible for investment linked deduction
  • Turnover limit for compulsory tax audit for SMEs raised from Rs. 60 lakh to Rs. 1 crore
  • STT on cash delivery reduced by 25 per cent to 0.1%
  • General Anti Avoidance Rule being introduced to counter aggressive tax avoidance
  • A number of measures proposed to deter generation and use of unaccounted money
  • All services to attract service tax except those in the negative list
  • Central Excise and Service Tax being harmonized
  • Standard rate of excise duty raised from 10 per cent to 12 per cent; service tax rates raised from 10 per cent to 12 per cent; no change in peak customs duty of 10 per cent on non-agricultural goods
  • Relief in indirect taxes to sectors under stress; agriculture, infrastructure, mining, railways, roads, civil aviation, manufacturing, health and nutrition, and environment get duty relief
  • Certain cigarettes and bidis attract higher excise duty; large cars attract higher customs duty
  • Excise imposed on unbranded jewellery also; measures to minimize impact on small artisans  and goldsmiths; branded silver jewellery exempted from excise duty
  • Net gain of Rs. 41,440 crore due to taxation proposals
  • Total expenditure budgeted at Rs. 14,90,925 crore; plan expenditure at Rs. 5,21,025 crore – 18 per cent higher than 2011-12 budget; non plan expenditure at Rs. 9,69,900 crore
  • Fiscal deficit targeted at 5.1 per cent of GDP, as against 5.9 per cent in revised estimates for 2011-12
  • Central Government debt at 45.5 per cent of GDP as compared to Thirteenth Finance Commission target of 50.5 per cent
  • Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement to be  introduced; will set forth 3-year rolling target for expenditure indicators.



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Posted by on March 16, 2012 in Uncategorized


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